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  • Nov 29, 2019

Heart Attack: What is it? Causes, Symptoms and more


The human heart is one of the essential organs in the human body, responsible for pumping blood and transferring it to different organs. The heart should pump the blood continuously to maintain the proper functioning of the body.

Any blockage in the flow of oxygenated blood can affect the functioning of the body. In more complex cases, heart disorders can prove to be fatal. One of the most complex heart diseases is a heart attack. Continue to read the blog to know About Heart Attack.

What is a Heart Attack?

Heart attack refers to the blockage of the coronary artery due to the formation of blood clots that restricts the flow of blood. It leads to the death of the heart muscle. It is because the blockage of the coronary artery restricts the oxygen and blood from reaching the heart muscle.

Such accidents with the heart muscles result in extreme pressure and pain in the chest. The maximum duration for which the heart muscle can bear the restricted flow of blood is 20 to 40 minutes.

If within this duration, the patient does not receive effective medical assistance, then it is difficult or impossible to bring back the heart muscle to life.

Depending on the blockage and other factors; it takes nearly six to eight hours for the heart attack to strike a person.

What are the possible causes of a heart attack?

There can be various reasons for a heart attack. Some of them are known, while others are not. However, some of the most common causes of a heart attack as per the cardiologists are:

  • Buildup of fat
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Substances that build a plaque in the arteries
  • Blockage or a blood clot blocking the veins and arteries
  • Interrupted blood flow
  • Extreme high pressure of blood resulting in undesired changes
  • Damage to the heart muscles

What are the signs and symptoms of a Heart Attack?

The Signs of a Heart Attack that reflect you need a surgical treatment include:

  • Heavy sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Heartburn
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Numbness on the left side of the body
  • Abdominal pain
  • Tightness and pressure in the parts of the body like jaw, neck, legs, arms and others.

Cost of a Heart Attack Treatment in India:

The only possible treatment for a heart attack in end-stages is heart transplantation. Heart Transplant Surgery Cost in India starts at USD 55,000. At the same time, the price of treatment in other countries is approximately three to four times in comparison to that of India.

The people suffering from heart issues all over the world are travelling to India to avail successful and cost-effective treatment.

Final Words:

Delay in the treatment in case of heart disorders can prove to be fatal. So, make sure you visit the cardiologist immediately in case, you suffer any of the sign of the heart disorder specified above. A prolonged delay can make the heart disorder irreversible.


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