Adrenal glands are present above each kidney in the human body. These endocrine glands are responsible for producing hormones. It synthesises a variety of hormones including cortisol, adrenaline and steroid aldosterone.
Each gland has its significance, and any disease or disorder in the organ can lead to a significant hormonal disbalance in the body, disturbing the overall functionality. One of the common illnesses that affect the functionality of the adrenal glands is adrenal cancer.
The starting cost of adrenal cancer treatment in India is USD 2,000 in case of chemotherapy and USD 6,200 if the condition of the patient can be treated by radiotherapy.
However, there are other factors also that determine the cost of adrenal cancer in India; they are:
Adrenal Cancer refers to the spreading of abnormal cells in the adrenal glands. Adrenal cancer strikes the outer lining of the adrenal glands known as adrenal cortex. Different types of adrenal cancer affect the organ and its functionality in different ways. The appearance of the tumour also differs from one another. There are two most common variations of cancer that strikes an adrenal gland, they are: Benign Adenomas: It refers to the non-cancerous tumours, generally less than 2 inches in size. These type of tumours do not show any disorders, signs and symptoms. It may cause no harm to the body even if left untreated. Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma: It refers to the cancerous or malignant tumours that are responsible for the secretion of hormones causing the abnormalities in the body. It is usually more than two inches in size and may even spread to other organs. Who is a Patient for Adrenal Cancer Treatment: Adrenal Cancer in advanced stages shows considerable signs and symptoms. If the patient observes the below-mentioned changes in the body, he or she must consult the doctor immediately. Increase in growth of hair in the pubic area, face and underarms Abnormality in the erection of the penis Early signs of puberty in female Abnormal size of the clitoris Increase in weight of the body Frequent urination Muscle cramps Irregularity in periodic cycles Increased blood sugar Depression High Blood pressure Increase in size of breasts in males and Other issues with discharge. You may visit your family doctor if you suffer any abnormalities. He can forward the patient to an oncologist, in case, he finds the signs and symptoms of Adrenal Cancer. The Procedure for the Treatment of Adrenal Cancer: None of the treatment procedure begins without tests and diagnosis. To decide regarding the treatment of adrenal cancer, the doctor performs specific tests that include: Blood tests to check the abnormality in the hormonal levels produced by the malignant cells. Urine tests, it provides the information for abnormal hormonal levels in the body. CT Scan, to locate the position of the tumour in the adrenal gland. MRI Scan Biopsy, to analyse the nature of tumour cells. PET, for examining the location and type of tumour Ultrasound is essential to know if the tumour affects only the adrenal gland or has spread to the connecting parts. Based on the overall medical analysis of the patient; oncologists decide the procedure for the treatment. Adrenalectomy: It is a surgical process wherein the surgeon removes the adrenal gland from the body to kill cancer. This process is used when the disease is not restricted to the adrenal gland but spread to other organs also. If the growth of cancer cells become uncontrollable, the oncologists may also remove lymph nodes and other tissues. The surgical procedure may be different for each patient, depending on the overall medical health. Chemotherapy: It refers to the consumption of drugs to control the spreading of cancer to other parts of the body. This method of treatment is useful if adrenal cancer is detected in early stages. The drugs can be given to the patient either through the mouth or injected directly in veins depending on the medical condition. Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy cannot be used as the primary mode of treatment for adrenal cancer. However, it can be used after the surgery to control the condition of the patient and stop the growth of cancer cells. After the Surgery: The patient has to stay in the hospital for observation for five days and 12 to 15 days outside the hospital. During this period, the patient must follow the instructions of the medical team to recover from the disease and avoid complications. Periodic checkups and consultation with an oncologist are essential to avoid the chances of regrowth of abnormal tissues. Complications After the Adrenal Cancer Treatment: The treatment is generally successful. However, it can lead to some temporary side-effects in the patient that can be cured with drugs and therapies. Some of the common risks after the treatment are: Dehydration Anaemia Constipation Infection Fatigue Osteoporosis Loss of appetite Hormonal disorder Hair loss Loss of weight Difficulty in swallowing and Excessive bleeding. Patients are travelling to India for their cancer treatment from different parts of the world. It is because of the availability of the number of: Top oncologists Best hospitals High-success rate of surgeries Low cost of treatment and most importantly, The availability of medical tourism companies to provide them with the right guidance. It is hard to make the factual choices for the treatment in a foreign country as even one wrong decision can prove to be fatal. However, healthcare travellers to India do not face such issues because medical tourism companies like Denesa Health help them in every possible way. Taking services under Denesa Health, you can: Receive an online quote for personalised treatment A timely appointment with the top oncologist Secure medical Visa Regular follow-up care and much more.
Some of the common points of where adrenal cancer metastasise include lymph nodes, lungs, liver, periadrenal tissue and bones too. Depending on the stage of cancer, it can cause more severe damage to your body.
Early symptoms of adrenal cancer include: Increased size of breast in the boys The enlarged clitoris in girls Early puberty signs in both the boys and the girls Inflated size of the penis in males Excessive hair growth underarms, pubic hair and other parts of the body.
The cost of adrenal cancer treatment can be anywhere in the range of USD 2,000 to 6,500. It fluctuates as every patient has a unique medical condition.
The death rate after the treatment of adrenal cancer in India is as low as 0.2%. The best quality treatment reduces all the risks for the patient.
Fortis Memorial Research Institute in India is one of the top treatment centres for all the oncological issues.
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