Coronary Heart Disease is a severe health issue that leads to the deposition of the waxy substance called plaque in the coronary arteries. This plaque leads to blockage or narrowing of the coronary arteries that are responsible for the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart.
The result is an insufficient transfer of blood to the heart. Even if this plaque ruptures, it leads to the formation of a blood clot which completely blocks the flow of blood.
In the initial stages, it can lead to chest pain or discomfort in breathing called angina. If it is not treated immediately, it can lead to a heart attack.
To treat this heart disease, surgeons make use of a surgical procedure called CABG or Heart Bypass Surgery.
The starting cost of CABG treatment in India is 4,500 dollars. It varies depending on various factors:
Considering all the expenses involved in a CABG treatment and other non-medical factors affecting the cost of treatment for a medical tourist, the cardiac surgery in India is highly affordable.
CABG or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgery that aims at improving the flow of blood to the heart when the coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked. In this treatment method, the cardiologists make use of a healthy artery or vein from a particular part of the body and grafts it to the blocked artery. This grafted vein or artery bypasses the blocked section of the coronary artery and thus, form a new path for oxygen-rich blood to reach the heart. It is possible to bypass multiple blocked arteries during the surgery. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting focuses on: Reducing the signs and symptoms of coronary heart diseases and angina Lowering the chances of heart attack Enhancing the probability of survival Allowing the patient to get back to an active lifestyle.
The surgeon suggests Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for patients suffering from following heart disorders: Severe Coronary Heart Diseases Blockages in the arteries resulting as a hindrance in the pumping of the blood For blockages in coronary arteries that cannot be removed by PCI or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Medicines and other cardiac treatments show no improvements in the condition of the patient After a heart attack to remove the blockages During the heart transplant surgery to remove the blocked or clogged arteries. The Procedure for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Before the Surgery: Usually, a patient has to undergo several tests before the surgery. The medical tests might include: Blood tests Electrocardiogram Echocardiography Chest X-Ray Coronary Angiography and Cardiac Catheterization. The cardiologists will give all the instructions to the patient before the surgery, regarding; The medicines and dosages Dietary habits Physical activities Quitting the unhealthy addictions like drinking and smoking The doctors will decide on the date of admission in the hospital depending on the test reports and overall health condition of the patient. During the Surgery: The coronary artery bypass grafting requires a team of: Cardiology experts Cardiac surgeon Nurses Other surgeons An anesthesiologist Heart-lung bypass machine specialist or perfusionist and General medical professionals. There are different types of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Procedures. They are discussed below in brief: Traditional Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: The cardiologist performs the conventional bypass surgery on a patient by giving him general anaesthesia. He then makes a deep cut in the chest, opening the cage to open the heart. Artificial supply of oxygen is given to the body by inserting a tube in the lungs and connecting to the ventilator. An artificial heart-lung machine is added to maintain the proper functioning of the body, and the heart is stopped while operating. To bypass the blocked artery, the surgeon will make use of artery or vein from a part of your body usually chest or leg. Vein grafts are more popular than artery grafts, as there are reduced chances of blockages in future. Once the surgeon finishes with grafting, he restores the flow of blood to the heart. The heart may start beating on its own, or the surgeon might use an electric shock to regain the functioning of the heart. The incision is then closed with the help of wire, which remains in the body of the patient permanently. To cover the skin incision, surgeons may use stitches and staples. It takes 3 to 6 hours to complete the traditional method of heart bypass surgery. Non-Traditional Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Beating Heart Bypass Grafting: This method is similar to that of traditional heart bypass surgery with minimum differences in the procedure. In this method, the surgeons make use of an off-pump CABG to bypass a blocked artery. The cardiologist manages the heart rate and slows it down to an acceptable level by using a mechanical device but does not stop it completely to perform the surgery. Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is entirely different from the traditional method of heart bypass surgery. However, it can be performed in various ways depending on the heart disorder and condition of the patient. A cardiologist may or may not use a heart-lung bypass machine during the operation. Types of MIDCAB grafting are: Robot-Assisted Technique: In this method, the surgeons make the smallest keyhole-sized incisions. The cardiologist makes use of automatic remote-operated instruments to perform the surgery. He receives the necessary guidance and directions with the help of an endoscope inserted through one of the incisions. Here, the surgeon may use a heart-lung bypass machine. MIDCAB Procedure: This method is used for the bypass of the blood vessels located in the front of your heart muscle. The surgeon makes a small direct incision through the rib cage from the left side of the chest over the affected or blocked artery. The incision is usually 3 inches long, and the procedure does not require a heart-lung bypass machine for the proceedings. Port Access CAB procedure: It is a bypass procedure that is accomplished by making ports in the chest and grafting the veins or arteries to remove blockages in the flow of blood to the heart. The surgeons usually make use of a heart-lung bypass machine to perform this type of surgery. Post-Surgical Care: The cardiologist may refer patients to cardiac rehabilitation after the surgery. Here the patient is medically supervised, and there are several rehab programs including exercises, training and education for healthy living. The patient has to make considerable life changes. Say strict no to alcohol and smoking to recover fast. A periodic checkup is a must where the surgeon may opt for specific tests to know the overall well-being of the patient. Complications After the CABG Treatment: Infection Bleeding Fever Heart Attack Heart Stroke Severe Chest Pain Loss of Appetite Irritability and Death. Some more complicated side-effects can be: Diabetes Kidney or lung disorders and Peripheral Arterial Disease. It is possible to avoid severe risks and complications after the surgery by taking proper care during the recovery period. Also, make sure you undergo the treatment only after knowing the experience of the surgeon and making the right choice for both the cardiologist and the hospital. The healthcare travellers in India must feel like home, as the Denesa Health medical tourism company is always available at their service to provide the right assistance. The team of Denesa Health serve the patients right from choosing a doctor, hospital, fixing the appointment, availing the treatment to post-surgical follow-up. So, do not panic and apply for your medical visa today to avail the best-in-class treatment at economical prices with more than 95% success rate in cardiac surgery.
The price of CABG is USD 4,500. However, it can be a bit high, depending on the medical condition of the patient.
Usually, there are no complications after the Ventricular Septal Defect if you choose the right doctor for your surgery. In case, there is no effective care after the surgery; there can be minor complications that include: Blood Clot Nausea Infection Heart stroke Heart Attack Improper function of limbs
Dr Nikhil Kumar is one of the best doctors for the CABG treatment in India with over 22 years of experience.
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, in Gurugram, has a dedicated centre for the cardiological treatment. It is one of the top centres that has all the facilities for CABG treatment.
The minimal time for the recovery of the patient after the CABG treatment is three to eight weeks. The total time depends on the condition of the patient and the follow-up care after the surgery.
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