Red blood cells are accountable for carrying oxygenated blood to different parts of the body. Deficiency of healthy red blood cells in the body leads to a lack of oxygen in the body. The condition of inadequate blood in the body is called anaemia. If this disorder is not treated immediately, it may prove to be fatal.
Blood cells are usually round in shape & can travel easily through blood vessels to keep all the parts of the body active. Any difference in the form of the blood cells can result in obstructed movement of cells, and they quickly get stuck in small blood vessels.
One of the most complicated and inherited forms of anaemia that results in severe health disorders is Sickle Cell Anaemia.
The starting cost of Sickle cell anaemia treatment in India is 15,000 US Dollars. The price of sickle cell anaemia treatment is not fixed, but it varies as per the causes, symptoms and other health conditions in the patient.
However, if you compare the cost of the treatment to other countries, you will realise that the expenses in India are very less. To be specific, it is almost one-fourth of the total amount of treatment in the US.
Sickle cell anaemia refers to the lack of healthy red blood cells, as the red blood cells become sticky and rigid. The irregular shape of blood cells does not allow the blood cells to flow through all the blood vessels. It leads to blockage of blood and oxygen in several parts of the body. In most situations, it is not possible to cure sickle cell anaemia. However, reducing the signs and symptoms of the disease is possible, so that it does not lead to further health complications. The risks and side-effects of sickle cell anaemia vary from one person to another, and most of the time, not getting the treatment on time can prove to be life-threatening.
Any person suffering from following signs and symptoms must consult the doctor immediately. Anaemia: The lifespan of a red blood cell is 120 days, but for a person suffering from sickle cell disorder, red blood cells start to decompose within 10 to 20 days. It leads to a considerable shortage of red blood cells in the body and also the lack of oxygen. Recurrent Episodes of Pain: When sickle cells travel through tiny blood vessels, it usually blocks or slows down the flow of blood, resulting in pain in the abdomen, chest muscles and joints. Inflammation or Swelling in Hands and Legs: When the flow of blood is restricted to hands and legs, there is considerable swelling in the limbs, followed by unbearable pain. Infection: The sickle cell does considerable damage to the immune system and also the organ that fight infection. Delayed growth in infants: When there is a blockage in the transfer of blood and oxygen, there is a considerable lack of nutrients to those parts of the body resulting in abnormal growth. Vision Problems: Sickle cells cannot travel through the tiny vessels of the eyes, and there is significant harm to the retina ensuing loss of vision or other disorders in the eyes. Apart from the signs mentioned above and symptoms, a patient can also come across some other signs and symptoms like: Pale skin Yellow nail beds Abdominal swelling Yellow Tint Fever Stroke Weakness Dizziness Frequent loss of consciousness etc. Treatment for Sickle Cell Anaemia: Before initiating the treatment of sickle cell anaemia, the doctors perform specific tests and diagnosis on the patient. It includes: Blood Test: A blood test is essential to check haemoglobin S. Haemoglobin S is a defective form of haemoglobin that is affected by sickle cell anaemia. Other Tests: To know the blood count of the red blood cells in the body. Sickle Cell Tests Before Birth: It is possible to detect sickle cell disorder in an unborn baby by extracting the sample of fluid from the mother's womb. Procedure for Treatment of Sickle Cell Anaemia: The treatment of sickle cell anaemia is possible through Bone Marrow transplant. It is a rare procedure, as it is challenging to find the donor. The doctors aim at suppressing the signs and symptoms of sickle cell anaemia; a complete cure can result in severe complications and even prove to be fatal. To avoid the complications of sickle cell anaemia, the patients younger than two years of age must visit the doctor every month and the patient above two years should consider a follow-up at least once a year, Apart from bone marrow transplant, to subside the signs and symptoms of a sickle cell anaemia, the surgeons suggest for: Antibiotics: Doctors give antibiotics to infants of two months old, once in every month until the child attains the age of 5 years. It is essential to avoid the chances of infection. Pain killers: Sickle cell anaemia causes considerable pain in patients, which may prove to be unbearable for the patients. However, pain killers help relieve pain to a great extent. Drugs and medications: The doctor prescribes other medications like hydroxyurea to reduce the signs and symptoms of sickle cell anaemia. It also reduces the chances of blood transfusions. However, it is not possible to give these medicines to all the patients as it might lead to additional side effects in the patient. Possible Complications of Sickle Cell Anaemia Treatment: Some of the common complications of a sickle cell anaemia are: A brain stroke, if there is no improvement in the signs and symptoms of sickle cell and the blood or oxygen does not reach to all the parts of the brain. Blindness: As the cure of sickle cell is not entirely possible, inefficient treatment can lead to blockage of tiny vessels of eyes resulting in a complete blackout. Organ damage is yet another common complication of sickle cell anaemia. The organ where the blood cannot reach ultimately through a blood vessel fails to function correctly. Gallstones forms in a body from a substance called bilirubin. The breakdown of red blood cells results in the accumulation of excess bilirubin in the body and finally convert into gallstones. Some other side-effects of sickle cell anaemia are: Infection Leg ulcers Chest pain Priapism Pulmonary hypertension Nerve damage and Many more. If you want to avoid the complications, make sure you adapt to a healthy lifestyle and visit the doctor regularly to prevent the risk of complications. One of the most common problems the patient face while visiting a foreign country for the treatment is getting a timely appointment with the surgeon of their choice. However, it is not the case for any of the patient in India. It is because, in India, medical tourism companies like Denesa Health take complete care that the patient does not suffer any inconvenience. Once you contact the team of Denesa Health with your health issues, they will make sure you avail the best-in-class treatment from the highly experienced and top surgeons of the country without having to wait for long. One of the most common problems the patient face while visiting a foreign country for the treatment is getting a timely appointment with the surgeon of their choice. However, it is not the case for any of the patient in India. It is because, in India, medical tourism companies like Denesa Health take complete care that the patient does not suffer any inconvenience. Once you contact the team of Denesa Health with your health issues, they will make sure you avail the best-in-class treatment from the highly experienced and top surgeons of the country without having to wait for long.
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